Acute encephalitis syndrome, sometimes referred to as ‘brain fever’, has claimed lives in 20 of Bihar’s 38 districts. In particular, the disease has gripped the Muzaffarpur district of Bihar, reaching epidemic proportions in a region already stricken with poverty and poor child health.
In 2014, an outbreak of encephalitis killed 350 children in Muzaffarpur.
A petition filed to India’s supreme court sought to end the current epidemic, accusing local and regional governments of being negligent in their response.
“[Encephalitis] is completely curable and lives of young children are being lost due to the inaction of state machinery,” the petition read.
“Most of the deaths are occurring due to lack of medical facilities in the area of outbreak,” it continued.
In response to the petition, Indian supreme court justice Sanjiv Khanna said “We issue notice to the Bihar government seeking a detailed response.”
State and national officials must respond within seven days on health conditions, according to India’s top court.
India’s health ministry affirmed its earlier promise to open a children’s ward in the district and monitor the epidemic, as state health official face sharp criticism for what has been seen as indifference and negligent behavior.
India’s health minister Harsh Varadhan insisted that the Indian government was providing “all possible support” to combat the epidemic.
Since June 1, more than 700 cases of the disease have been recorded, though there are signs that the disease has been slowing, with no new deaths reported on Monday.